What to know about Grade 4 Acne aka Cystic Acne
Cystic Acne is the most severe. Blemishes are plentiful and include nodules and cysts. Nodules and cysts feel like they are deep under the skin, are firm to the touch and can appear to look like a blister. And although they look similar, nodules and cysts are different in that cysts contain pus and nodules do not.
Cystic Acne can occur on the face and body and it may be painful to the touch. Scarring is extremely common with this type of acne.
Here are some pictures for reference.
What to do:
Have cystic acne? I cannot say this loud enough... Straight to the derm you go for help with treatment.
The #1 way to get rid of Cystic Acne is to work with a dermatologist.
Know what to ask your doctor. Ask what they think about antibiotic gels, retinoid gels or a combination of both. Ask what they think about oral treatments such as doxycycline or anti-hormonal treatments. If you have enlarged, painful nodules, ask what they think about steroid injections to reduce the inflammation.
There are many options the dermatologist can offer you.
Isotretinoin (or Accutane) is a popularly shared option on the internet. There are many side effects that come from using this treatment. I encourage you to try other treatments prior to Accutane. If you get to a point where you think you’re ready, please be sure you are fully aware of all of the side effects.
If you want results, you will need to have patience and be very consistent as most treatments need at least 3-6 months for the body to become acclimated and respond.
That said, you will also need a good and simple home routine.
- Cleanse your skin twice a day with a medicated cleanser. You can get one from your derm.
- Use any antibiotics/medications consistently according to directions.
- Use a non-comedogenic moisturizer and SPF to protect your skin.
Any acne, especially severe cystic acne, can reappear and can cause long-term challenges. This has been known to cause depression. Please know you are not alone and be sure to immediately seek help if you’re ever experiencing feelings of depression.
Learn more here about what to avoid and for ways on how to prevent acne.
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